Angelica (Minnesota Naturalized)
Origin: Duluth, Minnesota
Improvement status: Cultivated wild material
Seeds per packet: ~100
Germination tested 2/2019: 12% (Below standard)
Life cycle: Biennial (or short-lived perennial)
Angelica, sometimes referred to as garden angelica and wild celery, is from the Apiaceae family. It is a biennial plant, cultivated for its sweetly scented edible stems and roots.
This variety comes the garden of our friend Francois Medion, of Duluth, Minnesota, where it has become a "naturalized" fixture in his backyard. Francois originally got this seed from a feral population on the side of the road in Minnesota.
Francois is a talented bread maker and market gardener. If you stop into the Duluth Grill, right off I-35 as you are entering into Duluth, you may just be eating some of his locally grown vegetables!
NOTE: The 12% germination rate on this Angelica is actually not terrible. It's very fussy.
GROWING TIPS: Angelica seed is notorious for being difficult to germinate. This seed was collected in the fall of 2018, and it is has been kept in fridge since then to mimic its fussy stratification habit, which is essentially wild.
With seed that is dried out like ours, we recommend starting seeds in pots or trays with potting soil (get it wet), placing these in a plastic bag, and putting them in the fridge for 2-3 weeks. Angelica seed needs direct sunlight for germination. DO NOT bury the seed when you plant it. Instead, scatter it on top of the soil that you are planting into, and keep it wet. Remove from fridge and take pots/trays out of plastic bag, then set outside in direct sun.
You can also try direct seeding in the spring by simply scattering seed on top of prepared soil and keeping it wet.